​This project examines Qatar's role as a third-party mediator in conflict zones, which has been a long-standing aspect of its foreign policy, and its role in conflict prevention which has recently risen in prominence as an organizing framework for Qatari engagement in conflict response. It does so through in-depth empirical analysis of Qatari mediation processes, including case-studies of mediation in Darfur and Afghanistan. The project also involves systematic documentation and archiving of Qatari mediation in collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the State of Qatar. This documentation process is crucial to building a knowledge repository and preserving the institutional memory concerning Qatari mediation.