The purpose of this paper is to study the feasibility of using the agency-driven housing approach in a post-conflict context. This paper aims to identify the challenges in applying the agency-driven approach within the context of post-conflict housing reconstruction in the Gaza Strip.


In this paper, a qualitative research approach was adopted. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with key stakeholders and representatives of project beneficiaries. Secondary data drawn from academic papers, articles, technical reports and media reports were also obtained.


The findings support doubts in the literature about the feasibility of using the agency-driven approach in post-conflict housing reconstruction. The paper concludes that an agency-driven housing project successfully constructed a few thousand housing units and provided thousands of temporary job opportunities. The project encountered challenges in beneficiary selection; affordability of housing units; access to building materials; governance issues; and delays in implementation.

Practical implications 

This paper offers valuable lessons for decision-makers, planners and architects to build on in future endeavours in Gaza and in similar contexts.


This paper particularly confirms the challenges of using the agency-driven housing approach in a post-conflict setting. These findings are useful for policy-makers to develop relevant strategies to address housing needs in the Gaza Strip.


Elkahlout, G. (2019), "Post-conflict housing reconstruction in the Gaza Strip: A case study of agency-driven housing in Sheikh Hamad city", International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 317-330. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHMA-03-2019-0034